Register Login

Guide for Testing SAP Financial


Unit Testing
When you test every single document is called unit testing.

String Testing
One transaction full activity is called string testing . For example Vendor invoice, goods received and vendor payment.

Integration Testing
It is purely with other modules and we have to check whether the FI testing is working with other related modules or not.

Regression Testing
Testing for whole database. Bring all the data into another server and do the testing is called regression.

When we test any particular document with the user and if it is ok immediately we have to take the signature on the document, which is signed off and can be forwarded to the immediate boss. There are some steps to be followed when we go for user acceptance testing.

Transaction – Script Writing – Expected Results – Compare with Actual Results

TPR (Transaction Problem Reporting)
While doing the user acceptance testing if we get any problems then there are some methodologies to be followed according to the company’s policy and normally as a tester we always need to write on Test Script itself.

Key Features
Understanding the business scenarios
Organization Structure to incorporate the tune of the script.
Preparation of test scripts
Execute and record results to see if it is fine before going to approval.
Make changes to your test script if required.

What is Test Script (Scenario Testing)
Header Data
Step in Process
Transaction Code / Program (FB60)
Menu Path
Field Data and actions to complete
Expected Results
Actual Results
Closing Period
F.19 Clearing GR/IR Account
F.13 Adjustments GR/IR Account

Using of these above two accounts will help us in clearing the balances and adjustments to those respective clearing accounts so that the GR/IR account will be zero balance and the balances will appear in respective reconciliation accounts accordingly the balances will be carried forwarded to next fiscal year.

GR/IR Clears the following Documents
GL Document
Customer Documents
Vendor Documents
Assignment Field is important in any document (ZUONR), Amount (DMBTR)

Foreign Currency Valuation
Lowest Value Method, If we are in loss then only we will account for it.

GL Accounts which are important in Testing
Enjoy Transaction - FB50
Normal Transaction - FB01
Document Parking - FV50
Post with Clearing - F-04
Incoming Payment - F-06
Outgoing Payment - F-07

Document Related
Reset Cleared Items - FBRA
Parking Document Posting - FBVO
Reversal Documents - F-14
Company Code Clearing A/C
(Trial Balance purposes) reversal - (FBUB)

Clearing Account
Partial clearing Invoice - 100 - Open Item
Paid - 70 - Open Item
Balance - 30

In Partial Clearing you can see 100 and 70 are cleared line items and 30 as balance and if it is in Residual you can only 30 as balance as it creates new line item and you can’t see the other cleared line items.

As no company will use residual clearing as it affects on ageing reports.

Open Items in Foreign Currency in all Modules GL/AP/AR - F.05
Master Data

Company Code
Only Balances in local currencies
Reconciliation Account Type

Year End Scripts
Re Grouping Receivables / Payables - (F101)

Bad Debts Provisions – Scripts
We assume that the customer has not paid at the end of the year you doubt whether this receivable will ever be paid. So you make a transfer posting for the receivables to an account for individual value adjustments using special GL Indicator E and Transaction Code F-21

Carry forward Balances
Sub Ledgers and General Ledger balances to be forwarded to next Fiscal Year

Accounts Payables
Vendor Down Payments
Outgoing Payments
Automatic Clearing
Manual Clearing
Advance (Down Payment)
Post with Clearing
Post without Clearing
Reset Clearing
Carry forward
Foreign Currency Valuations

Accounts Receivables
Customer Down Payments
Incoming Payments
Manual Clearing
Advance (Down Payment)
Post with Clearing
Post without Clearing
Reset Clearing
Carry forward
Foreign Currency Valuations


  • 30 Nov 2010 3:09 pm Guest
    We can a lot of details about SAP .We can learn SAP from a developers point of view.Here I want to make a small request whoever is having knowledge about SAP testing they can share it and I promise I will do the same when I learn about SAP testing.Someone please provide details about the following:
    1)Responsibilities of SAP FI/CO tester
    2)Various testing scenarious in SAP FI/CO that one should know as a SAP R/3 tester
    3)Test case scripts for various testing scenarious in SAP FI/CO
    4)Steps for writing test cases in SAP FI/CO.

    I come from a very poor background I cannot afford to pay fees in institute.

    Don't always think commercially.May god bless all of us.

    If someone can these to my mail id I will be very grateful to them.
    Jai Sriram.

  • 27 Mar 2012 6:33 am shashank
    I am a b com graduate with specialization in computers. Working on Payable module and interested in SAP finance testing. Can any one suggest me what are the basic skill set for this and also provide me the details regarding the training
  • 21 Jul 2012 5:11 pm RAJESH SARWADI
    Hi friends,

    Please contact contact for notes or projects to Das sir which is very help for sap project point of view.

    With Regards
  • 22 Oct 2012 8:22 am Guest

    I am working as sap tester,plz mail me if you need any info related to SAP testing.